Situated in the northeastern part of India, Assam is one of the best holiday destinations in the country. It is one of the seven sisters along with Tripura, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh. Apart from these, Assam also shares its domestic border with the state of West Bengal and with the international border with Bhutan and Bangladesh. The state capital is Dispur.

One of the most famous attractions of the state is Kaziranga National Park. An endangered Indian one-horned rhinoceros will be seen here, which the state has successfully managed to preserve. The state is also known for Assamese gold silk called MUGA which is unique to the state. The country’s first and oldest petroleum resources can also be found in Assam.

On 18 November 2013, former Assam Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi announced that the song “O More Aponar Desh” (O ‘Meri Pyari Bhoomi) will be officially recognized as the state anthem, which is Asom Rajik Yathio music. The song was composed by litterateur Laxminath Bezborough and is sung along with the national anthem at government functions and school events. On August 15, 2015, the former chief minister announced the creation of five more districts in the state, including Biswanath, Charaidev, Hojai, South Salmara-Mankachar, and West Karbi Anglong.

The state has been staffed by several chief ministers, but the longest-serving officeholder is Congressman Tarun Gogoi. He served the state for 16 years – 2001-2016. On 24 May 2016, Sarbananda Sonowal of the Bharatiya Janata Party was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Assam.

Facts on Assam
Date of Formation1912 (Assam Province – British India), August 15, 1947
Area78,438 km sq
Males Population (2011)1,59,39,443
Population (2011)3,12,05,576
No. of District33
Females Population (2011)1,52,66,133
RiversBrahmaputra, Manas, Subansiri, Sonai
LanguagesAssamese, Bodo, Karbi, Bengali
Forests & National ParkKaziranga NP, Manas NP, Rajiv Gandhi Orang NP
Official State AnthemO Mur Apunar Dex
State BirdWhite-winged duck
Neighbours StateMeghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, West Bengal
Net State Domestic Product (2011)30569
State AnimalGor
Females per 1000 males954
State FlowerKopou phul
Parliamentary constituency14
Assembly constituency126
Literacy Rate (2011)73.18%

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