India is the fourth Largest Emitter of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) says UNEP

By Madhu

In the emission gap report of the united nations environment program (UNEP), India is ranked fourth among the largest greenhouse gas emitter nations.

Emission Gap report

The report states and assesses the real gap between the future emissions of the greenhouse gases in the 2030 and 1.5-degree target of the Paris agreement. Every year, the report proposes new ways to bridge the gap. In the current year, the report looks at the potential of energy transition mainly in the field of power, transport and in building sectors. It also scales down how efficiently the materials like iron, steel, and cement in the respective sectors are used. It compares different scenarios from new climate policies from 2005 to the full execution of all national commitments under the Paris agreements. The report abides to present an updated analysis of the present and estimated future GHGs emissions. It compares the present emission rates with the emission levels permissible for the world to progress to achieve the goals of the Paris agreement in a minimum cost pathway.


  • The report says that the world will fail to achieve 1.5 temperature goal of the Paris agreement if the greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase at a present rate. To achieve the goal of the Paris agreement, the GHGs emissions need to fall down to 7.6 percent every year.
  • In this ranking, China comes on the first, USA on the second and EU is on the third and India in the fourth position. These four nations contribute around 55% of the total greenhouse gases emissions in the last decade.
  • The ranking excludes the records of emissions in the land-use changes such as deforestation.
  • Sectors that is actually responsible for the large emissions of the gases are enumerated in the decreasing order of the greenhouse gas emissions.

Energy, industry, forestry, transport, agriculture, and building.

India’s intended nationally determined contributions ( INDCs) to be realized by 2030

  • India aims to equip upto 40% of the installed capacity of electricity from non-fossil fuel sources.
  • Minimize the emissions intensity of GDP by about a third.
  • India promised a further carbon sink around 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent through

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