Located in South India, Hyderabad is the capital of Telangana as well as the de jure capital of Andhra Pradesh. Covering an area of 650 sq km, Hyderabad has a population of 6.7 million. Famous for its rich history and mouth-watering cuisine, Hyderabad was once a trading center for pearls and diamonds. It is still known today as the city of pearls.
History of Hyderabad
Although the region was ruled by successive dynasties in ancient and medieval times; However, the area of modern Hyderabad was founded in 1591 by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. The Qutub Shahi dynasty ruled the region for nearly a hundred years before the Mughals established their rule. Asif Jah I, who was the Mughal Viceroy of the region, declared independence from Mughal rule in 1724. His dynasty was known as the Nizam of Hyderabad and was a princely state during the British rule. The city of Hyderabad, which was the capital of the Nizam, became the capital of the Hyderabad state, which was merged with independent India in 1948. Later in 1956, after the reorganization of the states, it became the capital of the newly created states. State of Andhra Pradesh. The state of Telangana was carved out of Andhra Pradesh in 2014 and Hyderabad became the capital of both states.
Places of Attraction in Hyderabad
The state is famous for its many monuments and heritage sites, the most prominent of which is Charminar. An impressive monument was built by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah in honor of the plague victims. Golconda Fort, which witnessed the rise of several dynasties, is a popular tourist attraction. Qutub Shahi Mausoleum is the resting place of the rulers of Hyderabad. Mecca Masjid is one of the oldest mosques in the city. Sri Jagannath Temple is known for its annual Rath Yatra. The Sri Ram Chandra Swamy temple was built in the 13th century. Get a glimpse of some of the most magnificent flora and fauna of Nehru Zoological Park.
There are 13 universities in Hyderabad. Six of them are state universities, three central, two deemed and two private universities. The three central universities are Maulana Azad National Urdu University, English and Foreign Language University, and the University of Hyderabad. Internationally popular with Indian students, Osmania University is the first university in the city. It was established in 1918. Dr. B. R. Distance education is provided by Ambedkar Open University.
Transport in Hyderabad
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport connects Hyderabad not only to other parts of India but also to many major cities around the world. Compared to state-of-the-art facilities, the airport is considered one of the best in the country.
Traveling by train will not cause as much trouble as Secunderabad, Hyderabad and Kachiguda is served by three major railway stations. Apart from this, there is a minor station at Begumpet. Hyderabad is well connected to other parts of the country by national highways. These are NH-7, NH-9, NH-163 and NH-765. The major highways of the state are SH-1, SH-2, SH-4, SH-5 and SH-6.
Getting around Hyderabad will not be a difficult task as it has good local bus connectivity. The local bus service is provided by the Telangana State Road Transport Corporation.
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