SAANS, which is an abbreviation of social awareness and action to neutralise pneumonia successfully, is a campaign regulated in the state of Gujarat by ministry of health and family welfare to overcome the child mortality due to pneumonia.
The aim of the campaign is to minimize the child mortality due to the pneumonia in Gujarat state. the annual child death rate in the state of Gujarat is caused by affected upto 15% in Gujarat. TheMinistry of health and family welfare has an aim to reduce it by providing proper medical care and facilities to the concerned child and the family.
The first approach under this campaign is to mobilise the suffering people in order to protect others from catching pneumonia contagiously. This approach is about controlling the further expansion of the disease in the individuals residing nearer to the diseased person. This approach includes giving training to health personnel and the other stakeholders by giving them prioritised treatment to eliminate the disease from the land.
Kids suffering from the pneumonia disease will be given treatment by pre-referral dose of antibiotic amoxicillin by the accredited social health activist (ASHA) workers.
Health and wellness centre will be equipped with pulse oximeter which is a device to monitor oxygen saturation. it will be used in identifying low oxygen levels in the blood of child and in case the child lacks ample oxygen then he can be treated by using oxygen cylinders.
A mass campaign to aware the masses will be launched to use effective solutions for prevention of pneumonia while breastfeeding, immunization and age-appropriate complementary feeding etc.
What is pneumonia?
Pneumonia is inflammation caused in the air sacs of one or both of the lungs.in some cases, the air sacsget filled up with fluid or pus and cause symptoms of cough, fever, chills and trouble in breathing.
- Sources: The viruses of pneumonia can be acquired from anywhere. The most common agents are bacteria and viruses present in the air that is inhaled by the humans.
- The human can be immuned from the disease through vaccination.
- Prone population: young children and infants, people more than 65 years of age and the people who have weak immunity.
- Infant mortality rate: below five age group mortality rates in the country is like 37 in per 1000 live births and around 5.3 death are caused by the disease.
Initiatives Taken By The Government
- The government of India has a goal to reduce the mortality rate due to pneumonia up to 3 in per 1000 live birth till 2025.
- In 2014, IAPPD, integrated action plan for prevention and control of pneumonia and diarrhoea has been launched to undertake a collaborative step in the direction of prevention of disease like diarrhoea and pneumonia in below five age groups deaths.